University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal <p>The University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal publishes articles on all aspects of Library and Information Science. These include organization and dissemination of information, library education and training, information technology and its application in libraries, book reviews and short communications.</p><p>Authors are in invited to submit their articles to be considered for publication. See <a title="information for authors" href="" target="_blank">information for authors</a> for details.</p><p><span>This journal can also be accessed at </span><span>the following link </span><a title="" href="" target="_blank"></a></p> University of Dar es Salaam Library Services en-US University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 0856-1818 <p>Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the journal.</p><p>The content is licensed unader a <em><strong>Creative Commons </strong></em><strong><em>Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND) License.</em></strong></p> Editorial <p>On behalf of the editorial committee of the <em>University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal (UDSMLJ)</em> I am delighted to present Volume 16, Issue no. 1 of the <em>Journal</em>. I offer my heartfelt appreciation to members of editorial committee: Dr. Evans Wema and Dr. Kalefa Mwantimwa for their contributions and vital role in putting this issue together.</p> Faraja Ndumbaro Copyright (c) 2021 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 16 1 1 2 10.4314/udslj.v16i1. Veritable mobile phone applications for affecting the exchange of agricultural information among farmers in Tanzania <p>The importance of mobile phones in communication cannot be overemphasized. This study investigated farmers’ usage of mobile phones in exchanging agricultural information. Specifically, it compared the level of usage of mobile phones and other communication channels in exchanging agricultural information among farmers; found out the most usable mobile phone applications for exchanging agricultural information among farmers, and determining factors influencing the usage of mobile phones in exchanging agricultural information. The study was guided by the Task-Technology Fit model. A sample of 188 farmers owning mobile phones was purposively selected. A structured questionnaire and a focus discussion guide were used for collecting data. Content analysis and SPSS software were used for analysing data. Results indicate that mobile phone calls and SMS were mostly used by farmers. The limited power supply in rural areas, unaffordable mobile phone tariffs, and poor mobile phone infrastructure in rural areas were mentioned to lower the usage of mobile phones in exchanging agricultural information. The study concludes that when used efficiently, mobile phones have the potential of transforming the agricultural sector. It is recommended that mobile phone service providers should reduce the costs of their services for more farmers to use them.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> Wulystan Pius Mtega Copyright (c) 2021 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 16 1 3 20 10.4314/udslj.v16i1. Information seeking behaviour patterns of family farmers and house-hold food security in Kisoga B village, Ntenjeru sub county in Mukono district, Uganda <p>The paper examines how information seeking behaviour impacts on household food security of family farmers in Kisoga B village found in Mukono District in Uganda. Data were collected from 25 family farmers who were purposively selected from a total sample population of 178 residents in Kisoga B village. The study employed focus group discussions and unstructured interview method to gather quantitative data, which was analysed using descriptive statistics and thematic analysis respectively. Findings revealed that the major farming occupations practised by farmers in Kisoga B include: animal keeping, courtyard gardening and keeping of local fowls. Animals kept included cows, pigs, goats, sheep and rabbits. The study indicated that farmers need information on weather patterns, good agricultural practices, agricultural seeds and market information and farming technologies. Farmers confirmed that they get information from fellow farmers, neighbours, close friends who are not necessarily neighbours, burial places, over the radios/ televisions while others get information from marketplaces as they go vending. Findings also reveal that information sought by farmers enables them to do timely planting, access improved seeds for planting, improve on land management, pest and diseases control and management, improved storage of seeds and other produce, improve on food processing methods, identify current prices for farm inputs among other needs. The study concludes that information is a key resource for all agricultural activities regardless of their locations, social, economic and cultural status. &nbsp;</p> Eric Nelson Haumba Sarah Kaddu Copyright (c) 2021 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 16 1 21 37 10.4314/udslj.v16i1. Factors Influencing Pedagogical Activities in Web 2.0 Technologies Integration <h3>The study examined the factors influencing integration of Web 2.0 technologies in teaching and learning in three universities in Tanzania. Specifically, the study aimed to examine the extent to which Web 2.0 technologies are used in performing academic tasks, motives behind the integration of Web 2.0 technologies in teaching and learning activities and factors influencing integration of Web 2.0 technologies in pedagogy activities. The study used the Unified Theory of Acceptance and Use of Technology. The study was conducted at Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences, Sokoine University of Agriculture and University of Dar es Salaam. It involved 47 members of staff and 141 postgraduate students. A mixed approach was employed in the study. Accordingly, a cross-sectional survey alongside documentary review was used to collect data from randomly selected postgraduate students while purposive sampling was used to select faculty members. The findings show that Web 2.0 technologies were frequently used for some academic activities while others were used for social communication. Among the factors influencing integration of Web 2.0 are familiarity with the technologies, expertise on the use of Web 2.0, attitude towards the technologies and support on the use of such technologies. The study recommends that technical support on proper design and use of Web 2.0 tools should be provided in teaching and learning, and short courses and workshops should be organized for faculty members and students.</h3> James E. Kazoka Evans F. Wema Copyright (c) 2021 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 16 1 38 55 10.4314/udslj.v16i1. Bibliometric Analysis of the Trends of Publications on Poverty Research in Tanzania from 1961 to 2016 <p>Poverty research is essential in understanding the evolution of poverty, poverty trends and dynamics, policy formulation, prioritising policy interventions and informed decision making. To date, a bibliometric analysis of poverty research in Tanzania does not exist in the literature. Therefore, this bibliometric study was conducted to assess the research trends on poverty in Tanzania between 1961 and 2016. Data were collected through Harzing's Publish or Perish tool, which uses Google scholar to retrieve data from the web. A total of 825 publications were retrieved, with an average of 14.7 publications per year. As the growth rate of publications increased, the corresponding doubling time decreased. Journal articles were the dominant (23.9%) type of publication. The degree of collaboration among researchers was low, with the majority (52.8%) of publications having one author. The citation analysis reveals that over a third (35.76%) of publications were not cited. Subject categories related to poverty that had a relatively higher number of publications were governance (10.2%), agriculture (9%) and community (8.6%). Generally, the study findings provide valuable information on the characteristics of poverty research in Tanzania, which can reference future research.</p> Grace E. P. Msoffe Alfred S. Sife Copyright (c) 2021 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 16 1 56 66 10.4314/udslj.v16i1. Academic Staff Awareness of Institutional Repositories (IRs) in Tanzania Universities <p>This paper presents the results of an investigation on the awareness of Institutional Repositories (IRs) among academic staff in Tanzania’s universities. The study employed descriptive research design and mixed methods approaches. The study was conducted in four institutions: The University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM), Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences(MUHAS), Sokoine University of Agriculture(SUA) and Saint Augustine University of Tanzania(SAUT). It employed both qualitative and quantitative techniques to collect, process and analyse data. The study found that most of respondents were not conversant with strategies used to collect scholarly works for their universities IRs. Besides, they were not aware of self-archiving practices of their scholarly works in their respective university IRs. The findings further indicate that, institutional websites and academic colleagues are the main sources of information on IRs. The study recommends implementation of diverse marketing strategies and conducting regular training, workshops and seminars to improve awareness, skills and knowledge about IRs among academic staff.</p> Paulina Nyangoma Kayungi Esther Ndenje-Sichalwe Paul A. Manda Copyright (c) 2021 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 16 1 67 83 10.4314/udslj.v16i1. Adoption of Internet Banking Service in Tanzania <p>Information technology advancement has transformed the way banks deliver their services to their customers; as a result, internet banking is now in use. However, this type of banking is not fully utilised by customers in accessing banking products and services. This paper examined factors associated with customers’ adoption to internet banking services in Tanzania. Precisely, it assessed the influence of social environment, technology exposure and system capability on the adoption of internet banking services by customers. Cross section research design was used through survey strategy to collect data from the respondents. In this case, a questionnaire was administered among a total of 200 respondents from two big banks ere involved in the study. Data analysis was performed by using partial least squares structural equation to examine the relationship between internet banking adoption and influencing factors which included social environment, technology exposure and system capability. The results indicate that social environment, technology exposure and system capability are positively related to adoption of internet banking services by customers. The existing relationships and the results revealed the way in which the rate of adoption of internet banking services by customers can be increased. Among the observed challenges for adoption of internet banking services include limited awareness among the customers, network failure and instability as well as layout of web pages. It is therefore recommended that, banks should invest in bringing awareness to customers regarding the service by providing information and instructions, reducing the impact of network failure and having a well-designed and user-friendly website for easier use.</p> Severine S. A. Kessy Copyright (c) 2021 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 16 1 84 97 10.4314/udslj.v16i1. Access to Information on Family Planning (FP) Methods Among Married Women of Reproductive Age in Ilala District, Dar es Salaam Tanzania <p>The paper reports the results of the study on access to information on family planning (FP) methods among urban married women of Ilala district, Dar es Salaam. In particular, the study assessed patterns to which married women access information on FP methods and challenges they face in the process. In total 119 married women attending maternal clinics at Buguruni, Amana, Mnazimmoja and Muhimbili hospitals were conveniently selected. Besides, 8 maternal health service providers were purposively selected from the four hospitals. Qualitative data were collected using key informant interviews while quantitative data were collected through face to face questionnaire. Notably, maternal health service providers, friends, neighbours and relatives were the main sources of contraceptive information among married women. Women’s employment status, spouse’s disapproval, formats and language of information contents are the main factors determining access to information on contraceptive methods. Results further show that women’s levels of education correspond with their perceptions on challenges in accessing contraceptive information. It is concluded that maternal health clinics are not the only hubs for accessing information on contraception but also platforms in which knowledge is created and shared among women and between women and health service providers. The study recommends partners’ involvement in clinics and repackaging information as mechanisms to increase access to and eventually effective utilization of information on family planning among married women.</p> Faraja Ndumbaro Lucy M Ochieng Copyright (c) 2021 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 16 1 98 114 10.4314/udslj.v16i1. Sexual and reproductive health information-seeking behaviour of undergraduate students at Mzumbe University, Morogoro – Tanzania <p>This study investigated the sexual and reproductive health information-seeking behaviour of students in higher learning institutions with specific reference to Mzumbe University. The study sought to answer two questions: first, what are the sources of sexual and reproductive health information used by the students at Mzumbe University; and second, what are the factors affecting the sexual and reproductive health information-seeking behaviour of the students at Mzumbe University. Explanatory research design with both quantitative and qualitative approaches was employed in this study. Findings reveal that students prefer to use social media platforms, consult their peers, and the Internet to meet their various sexual and reproductive health information. Preferences for these sources are associated with, among other things, the freedom they offer to the students when interacting with them for various sexual and reproductive health information. Factors such as traditional values and norms, a sense of embarrassment, availability of online health information, and students’ selected socio-demographic characteristics like age, religion, and marital status were also found to affect the sexual and reproductive health information-seeking behaviour of the students. The study concludes that since the students prefer to use social media, the Internet, and their peers for various sexual and reproductive health information, it is important that they are provided with health information literacy training to help them be able to evaluate the health information obtained from these sources. This is important because it is not clear whether the students get reliable health information from these sources.</p> Beth J. Kachota Mohamed Kassim Copyright (c) 2021 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 16 1 115 130 10.4314/udslj.v16i1. Evaluating Information Literacy competence in the Use of Electronic Resources among Medical Students in University of Ilorin, Nigeria <p>University library orgarnised information literacy programme to enable undergraduates acquire and used Electronic Resources (ERs) with huge amount of money to satisfy users. This is aimed at addressing low utilization of ERs by undergraduates. In view of the programme, this study attempted to investigate the information literacy competence on the use of ERs by medical students in the Faculty of Clinical Sciences, University of Ilorin, Nigeria. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. 260 of undergraduates in the Faculty of Clinical Sciences were randomly selected out of the study’s population of 771. Data were collected using questionnaire designed to elicit response from respondents and data were analysed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (IBM-SPSS) version 21.0 with descriptive statistics methods percentages, frequency, analysis of variance and correlation analysis. The findings revealed that there were various ERs such as full-text, image, reference sources, and audio/visual. Similarly, the findings revealed that medical students have developed varying degrees of competences in the identifying and ac of accessing information on ERs. Also, there was a significant relationship between information literacy competence and ERs usage. The study concluded that respondents have demonstrated improved competences in information literacy. The study recommended that university management should ensure that information literacy programs cover the entire period of the study, so that the development of information literacy competence can be reinforced throughout the whole of medical education, not only on a few occasions like orientation period in the beginning of studies. In addition, university library management should organize more training to update students’ skills on information literacy as everything under digital are changing.</p> Musediq Tunji Bashorun Rafiat Bukola Bashorun Aishat Temitope Akinbowale Copyright (c) 2021 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 16 1 131 148 10.4314/udslj.v16i1. The coverage of HIV/AIDS information in Tanzania: a reflection of Mwananchi and Daily News newspapers <p>The study examined the coverage of HIV/AIDS information in Tanzania’s newspapers between 2002-2004 and 2017-2019. Two leading broadsheets that were being published on daily basis, the <em>Daily News</em> and <em>Mwananchi</em> were selected. Bibliometric and content analysis were methods used in data collection and analysis. Microsoft Office Excel 2010 was used to analyse quantitative data. Findings indicate that a total of 696 HIV/AIDS articles were covered by the two newspapers. The study also revealed an irregular coverage pattern and generally a decrease in HIV/AIDS information coverage. Findings also show HIV/AIDS themes related to politics, education on disease transmission, prevention and treatment were highly covered. In addition, HIV/AIDS international information was highly covered compared to local information. The study also observed that <em>Daily News</em> had better coverage of HIV/AIDS information compared to <em>Mwananchi</em>. The study concludes that overall the attention given to HIV/AIDS in the two newspapers was very low and fluctuated over time. The study suggests that media houses train journalists on investigative journalism practices to enhance timely, quality and increased coverage of HIV/AIDS information.</p> Martin E. Kanyika Emmanuel F. Elia Copyright (c) 2021 University of Dar es Salaam Library Journal 2021-10-09 2021-10-09 16 1 149 166 10.4314/udslj.v16i1.