Stock Assessment of Lates niloticus in Upper Victoria Nile and its Impact on Uganda’s Economy
This study investigated the growth, mortality, recruitment, and catch estimates of Nile perch, Lates niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758), in Upper Victoria Nile, basing on total catches and length-frequency data collected between 2008 and 2018. The asymptotic length (L∞) had a value of 93.45 cm TL, growth curvature (K) was 0.446 year-1, total mortality (Z) was 1.85year-1, natural mortality (M) was 0.79 year-1, fishing mortality (F) was 1.09 year-1, exploitation rate (E) was 0.59 and growth performance index(ᴓ) of (L∞) was 3.604. There were two peaks recruitment period, a minor one in March and a major one in August. These respectively accounted for 12.8 and 26.3 percent of the total catch. The optimum sustainable yield (E0.5), maximum sustainable yield (Emax) and, economic yield (E0.1) was 0.278, 0.421 and 0.355 respectively. The findings suggest that there is a decline in the population of Lates niloticus in Upper Victoria Nile. Therefore, strict management of the fishery by adhering to the recommended slot size of 50-85 cm TL and curtailing use of illegal gears is needed. This will be possible through enforcement of regulations, monitoring, control and surveillance in order to ensure sustainability of the Nile perch fishery and ecosystem restoration in the Upper Victoria
Keywords: Lates niloticus; Catch rates; Growth parameters, Upper Victoria Nile.
Submission of a manuscript implies; that the work described has not been published before (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, or thesis) that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere; that if and when the manuscript is accepted for publication, the authors agree to automatic transfer of the copyright to the publisher.
Copyrights for the papers published in UJAS are retained by the authors, with first publication rights granted to the journal. The journal is not responsible for subsequent uses of the work. It is the responsibility of the author to bring an infringement action if so desired by the author.
The journal has an online Open Access policy licensed according to Creative Commons Share-Alike Non-Commercial.