Vulture News https://www.ajol.info/index.php/vulnew <p lang="en-US" align="JUSTIFY"><span lang="en-GB"><em>Vulture News</em></span><span lang="en-GB"> publishes original articles, reports, literature reviews and other material relevant to the field of vulture and condor biology, research and conservation from across the world. The journal has three sections for contributors: </span></p> <ul> <li class="show"> <p lang="en-US" align="JUSTIFY"><span lang="en-GB">The </span><span lang="en-GB"><em><u><strong>Articles</strong></u></em></span><span lang="en-GB"> section accepts manuscripts that will be sent for peer review. </span></p> </li> <li class="show"> <p lang="en-US" align="JUSTIFY"><span lang="en-GB">The</span><span lang="en-GB"><em><u><strong> Short Communications, Notes and Reports</strong></u></em></span><span lang="en-GB"> section accepts contributions that may be peer reviewed and describe new information, observations, opinion pieces, field reports or methods. </span></p> </li> <li class="show"> <p lang="en-US" align="JUSTIFY"><span lang="en-GB">The </span><span lang="en-GB"><em><u><strong>News and Comments</strong></u></em></span><span lang="en-GB"> section contains literature reviews, announcements and news that are edited for journal conventions. Single (or a series of) pictures with extended captions are encouraged.</span></p> </li> </ul> <p>As of 2015, this journal is now Open Access.</p> IUCN Vulture Specialist Group en-US Vulture News 1606-7479 Copyright for articles published in this journal is retained by the journal. Cover and Table of content https://www.ajol.info/index.php/vulnew/article/view/209352 <p>No Abstract</p> Editor Copyright (c) 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 79 10.4314/vulnew.v79i. Size cline not subspeciation in the Hooded Vulture https://www.ajol.info/index.php/vulnew/article/view/209353 <p>Wing, tail and bill lengths of Hooded Vultures were measured on 36 wild-caught birds and 75 in museum collections. A further 60 measurements were taken from literature, and 40 measurements were received from the Musée royal de l’Afrique centrale (Tervuren, Belgium). By grouping them into regions of Africa it was shown that the smallest birds were in West Africa and the largest in southern Africa (which is well known), with a gradation in between. Sizes varied according to a cline, and were correlated with average altitude. Given that the species has the same colouration (head, caruncles, plumage) from one end of the range to the other, indeed that populations are contiguous from Senegal to South Africa, then this goes against recognising any subspecies, but rather an intraspecific trend in sizes</p> Peter J. Mundy Copyright (c) 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 79 1 10 10.4314/vulnew.v79i.1 Notes on vultures (Cathartidae) in Paraguay with a supporting bibliography https://www.ajol.info/index.php/vulnew/article/view/209355 <p>Paraguay is often overlooked by ornithological researchers as much of its literature is obscure, hard to find or published locally. This is equally true of Cathartid vultures. In an effort to bring this information to a wider audience, we provide a summary of the published Paraguayan literature for each of the four species of vultures that occur in the country, including a history of vulture studies, folklore, a local synonymy and an attempt at a complete bibliography</p> Paul Smith Copyright (c) 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 79 11 31 10.4314/vulnew.v79i.2 Further observations and implications of Oil Palm <i>Elaeis guineensis</i> fruit consumption by Hooded Vultures <i>Necrosyrtes monachu</i>s in coastal Gambia https://www.ajol.info/index.php/vulnew/article/view/209372 <p>Groups of the Hooded Vulture <em>Necrosyrtes monachus</em> were observed pick feeding at small piles of boiled and crushed African Oil Palm <em>Elaeis guineensis</em> fruit at the south Gambian village of Marakissa (16.39044°N, 13.12055°W) on several occasions in the 1980s and 1990s. The vultures foraged alongside working women farmers (Barlow et al 1997). This remains the only published reference for this type of feeding habit based on direct observations. The utilisation of non-human harvested African Oil Palm <em>E. guineensis</em> fruit (also known as palm-nuts) as a food source by <em>N. monachus</em> has been described previously, derived from a road-killed bird collected on 22<sup>nd </sup>September 2003 in coastal Gambia that was found with a stomach containing 11 fresh whole fruits of <em>E. guineensis</em> (Barlow 2004). The intact fruits had not been boiled, crushed or seemingly processed by farmers in the small-scale village enterprise palm oil production process. Another complete <em>N. monachus</em> specimen found in a rice field 100 km inland on 9th February 2002 had five Oil Palm pits (all the fleshy mescocarp parts were missing and the seed is contained inside the pit, e.g. see Figure 3) in the desiccated remains (Barlow 2004). We have no reports from elsewhere of <em>N. monachus</em> feeding on Oil Palm fruit or the by-product since the 2004 report, and a photographic record of <em>N. monachus</em> foraging on Oil Palm fruit in the field remains sought after. In the context of other species, feeding on palm fruit by the Palm-nut Vulture <em>Gypohierax angolensis</em> is well documented (Bannerman 1930, Clark &amp; Davies 2018), and three fruits were found in the stomach of a desiccated carcass of an adult African Harrier-Hawk<em> Polyboirodes typus</em> found in the Central River Region of Gambia, February 2005 (personal observation).</p> Clive R. Barlow Copyright (c) 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 79 32 37 10.4314/vulnew.v79i.3 An overview of the first international symposium on the Rüppell’s Vulture in the Mediterranean region, 24th March 2021 https://www.ajol.info/index.php/vulnew/article/view/209380 <p>No Abstract</p> Jose Rafael Garrido Justo Martín-Martín Helena Clavero Sousa Copyright (c) 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 79 38 44 10.4314/vulnew.v79i.4 Book Reviews https://www.ajol.info/index.php/vulnew/article/view/209381 <p>CAMPBELL, M. O’Neal. (2015). Vultures: Their evolution, ecology and conservation. CRC Press, Boca Raton. 364 pp. ISBN 978-1-4822-2361-3.</p> Peter J. Mundy Copyright (c) 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 79 45 48 10.4314/vulnew.v79i. Vulture updates No 13 - October 2020 - Around the World of Vultures & VSG activities https://www.ajol.info/index.php/vulnew/article/view/209385 <p>No Abstarct</p> Chris Bowden Andre Botha Copyright (c) 2021-06-25 2021-06-25 79 49 56 10.4314/vulnew.v79i.