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West African Journal of Industrial and Academic Research

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Deploying 2F Authentication Algorithm for Electronic Vovers’ Registration in Nigeria

VC Agbasonu, SC Okorie

Abstract


Voter registration is the requirement in some democracies for citizens and residents to check in with some central registry specifically for the purpose of being allowed to vote in elections. An effort to get people to register is known as a voter registration drive. The fundamental purpose of a voterregistration system is to restrict access to the voting booth — to ensure that only those people entitled to vote in a given jurisdiction can do so and that they each vote only once. Voter registration is open to citizens 18 years or older, and has an address. The purpose of it is to ensure the voting process is legal and that people who do not fit the guidelines or related laws allowing them to vote or not vote. The principle of equal suffrage means each voter is entitled to cast one vote on Election Day. This is a basic principle of democratic elections. Voter registers and voter lists help to ensure that every voter will cast only one ballot or each voter casts an equal number of ballots to avoid fraudulent practices such as
multiple voting. The system developed can now produce automatic individual data authentication for facilitation of Voter’s Registration Card data capturing processes. The methodology used in the implementation was Structural System Analysis and Design (SSADM). The detailed changeover procedure used was parallel changeover. The new system is able to do immediate data validation. Human fingerprints are rich in details called minutiae, which can be used as identification marks for
fingerprint verification. The objective of this paper is to develop a complete system for fingerprint verification in the Voter’s Registration Card, through extracting and matching minutiae. To achieve good minutiae extraction in fingerprints with varying quality, preprocessing in form of image enhancement and binarization is first applied on fingerprints before they are evaluated. The result of this work is to show the authentication of Voter’s Registration Card by showing the fingerprint of each individual on his or her Voter’s Card print out. This will really help in knowing the actual owner of a particular Voter’s Card care through the use of fingerprint sensor machine.

Key Words: 2F authentication, SSADM, Fingerprint, validation, voter registration




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