Nutrient removal and microbial settlement in a full-scale subsurface wastewater infiltration system: Impact of varying hydraulic and organic loads and temperature
A series of experiments was conducted through a full-scale subsurface wastewater infiltration system (SWIS) to investigate the impact of hydraulic loading rate (HLR), organic loading rate (OLR) and underground temperature on nutrient removal and microbial settlement. Taking the hydraulic and treatment performance into consideration, HLR of 0.10 m3/(m2·d) was recommended with average NH3-N, TN, COD and TP removal rates of 82.6%, 81.5%, 80.9% and 90.9%, respectively. Considering treatment performance, OLR of 10.4 g BOD/(m2·d) was recommended with average NH3-N, TN, COD and TP removal rates of 88.1%, 84.8%, 86.3% and 91.3%, respectively. The number of nitrifying bacteria in each layer in the matrix decreased with increasing HLR, and the number of denitrifying bacteria increased with increasing HLR, at 0.8 and 1.0 m depths. When OLR increased, the number of bacteria and denitrifying bacteria at 0.8 and 1.0 m depths increased, and the number of nitrifying bacteria decreased. Average NH3-N, TN and COD removal rates increased with underground temperature increasing. The number of bacteria, nitrifying bacteria at 0.4 and 0.6 m depths and denitrifying bacteria at 0.8 and 1.0 m depths, increased with underground temperature increasing.
Keywords: decentralized wastewater; nitrifying bacteria; denitrifying bacteria; soil treatment system