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Author Guidelines

The West African Journal of Medicine (WAJM) like any other medical Journal has adopted the “Uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to Biomedical Journals” established by editors in the US, Canada and the United Kingdom (N. Engl J. Med 1997; 336: 309- 315).

Papers for publication in this Journal include: Original Scientific Articles, Collective Reviews, and Letters to the Editor, Medical Education, medical research and any aspect of diseases.

All manuscripts are peer-reviewed and accepted with the understanding that the work has not been published or being considered for publication or accepted for publication elsewhere. Articles should be brief and should normally not exceed 300 words at most.

While every effort shall be made to see that no inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or statement appears in this Journal, it is emphasized that the data and opinion appearing in the articles and advertisements are the responsibilities of the contributors or advertisers concerned. Accordingly, the publishers and the editorial Committee and their respective officers, employees or agents do not accept any liability whatsoever of the consequences of any such inaccurate or misleading data, opinion or statement.

Three (3) copies including tables and Illustrations should be sent to the Editor-in-Chief. A diskette may be submitted with the final accepted manuscript.

(a) Original articles: the format for this should be: title page, summary/abstract, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusion, acknowledgement, references, tables, legends to figures and figures arranged in that order.

(b) Review articles and special articles: These are usually by invitation.

(c) Case reports

(d) Book reviews

(e) Correspondence

(f) Notices and

(g) Letters to the Editor are also accepted.

Manuscripts should be typed double-spaced on one side of size A4 (210 x 295mm) paper.

Title page should include the title of the article, authors' names and initials, institution where work was done, the name and address of the corresponding author.

Structured abstract
Abstracts should not contain more than 250 words and must conform to the “ Uniform requirements”. It should carry the following headings: Background, Study design, Results and Conclusion.

Key words: At the end of the abstracts include not more than 10 key words or phrases to be used for indexing.

Figures should be professionally drawn and photographed. Glossy black and white photographs are
requested. Authors shall be requested to pay for coloured illustration. Submit three sets of figures; do not use free hand or typewritten lettering. Each figure should have a label pasted on the top back of the figure providing figure number and author's name, and indicating “Top”. Remove all patient identifying marks (Protection of patients' right to privacy).

Legends to each figure should be typed on a separate sheet of paper. One or two sentences should suffice to explain the figure.

Abbreviations should immediately follow the words for which they stand, and must be spelled out completely at first use. Standard abbreviations and Standard International units should be used in the Text, Tables, and Figures.

These should be numbered consecutively in order mentioned in text. Citation number is placed in the text after the name when the reference is cited. Eg. “Jolly and Thomas3 have shown that…………” If no name is mentioned, the citation is placed in the text at the end of the statement. Eg. “It has been shown that it is common in Nigeria3”. Abstracts are not acceptable as references. References of unpublished but accepted articles can be designated as “WAJM. In Press 2002”.

Personal communication can be cited within the text, but not in references. Written evidence of accuracy of personal communication must be presented by the author. Authors are responsible for completeness and accuracy of all citations.

A maximum of three authors should be quoted but if there are more, only the first three should be listed followed by et al.

In the list of references, all references in the text are numbered consecutively in the order they appear in the text and Journal Abbreviations should conform to Index Medicus National Library of Medicine. The references should include author(s) name(s), title of article, name of the Journal, year of publication, volume of the Journal and first and last pages of the article in that order Eg. Jolly BM, Thomas HO. Non-infantile idiopathic intussusceptions in Western Nigeria. West Afr. Med. J. 1954; 3: 2 – 16.

References to Books should in addition include the names of the author(s), edition number (where appropriate), town or origin and names of publishers e.g. Badoe EA, Archampong EQ, da Rocha-Afodu JT (Editors). Venomous Bites and stings: In Principles and Practice of Surgery, Third Edition, Ghana Publ. Corp, 2000; 77-80.

Galley proofs
Corrections of the galley proofs should be strictly restricted to Printer's error only. Orders for offprints should be made when the corrected proofs are being returned by the authors. Articles accepted for publication remain the property of the Journal and may not be reproduced elsewhere without the written permission of the Editor-in-Chief.

Submission of Manuscripts

The Journal welcomes papers in the form of original research articles, commentaries, editorials, reviews and educational materials as well as scientific, socio political and economic contributions in matters that impact on medical care, education and research. An electronic copy of the manuscript should be sent to the email address of the Editor-in-Chief.

Professor A. E. Ohwovoriole
The Editor-in-Chief,
West African Journal of Medicine
Department of Medicine,
College of Medicine of the
University of Lagos,
E-mail:; with a copy to;

Revised manuscript: When revising a manuscript at the request of the Editor-in-Chief, authors should provide a covering letter detailing the response to each of the points raised by the assessors or the editors. A copy should be sent to the Editor-in-Chief by email. An electronic proof of the edited manuscript may be sent to the corresponding author for corrections on request. Such proofs must be returned to the Editor within three days of despatch by the Editorial office. Typographical corrections only should be effected when correcting galley proofs.

Manuscripts should be prepared in accordance with the “Uniform Requirements Submitted to Biomedical Journals” (1). The paper should be typed with 3 cm margins and double spaced throughout, including illustrations and references. Pages should be numbered and word-count provided for the abstract and the complete paper excluding references, tables and legends. Point size 12 using Times New Roman should be used throughout the manuscript, using Microsoft Word application.

All contributions are peer reviewed by assessors. Accepted manuscripts may be copy edited according to the Journal style. The authors are responsible for all statements and claims made in their work and such claims and statements are not necessarily shared by the Editors or the Publishers or owners of the Journal. Similarly, neither the Editors nor the Publishers guarantee any claims made concerning advertised products or services.

Covering Letter. The manuscript should be accompanied by a covering letter that identifies the corresponding author and signed by all co authors. Only those who have contributed significantly should be included as authors (vide infra). All authors should also sign the declaration and copyright when the contribution is finally accepted. The senior author should provide an explanation for any of the authors unable to sign.

Offprints. Offprints are obtainable from the Editor-in-Chief at advertised rates. These should be paid for at the time of final acceptance of contributions.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.


West African Journal of Medicine.   ISSN: 0189-160X