A Locus of Control-based HIV and AIDS Risk Reduction Training among University Students
AbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate the effi cacy of a locus of control-based training programme in reducing HIV and AIDS risk among university students. The locus of control-based variables that formed the training programme were social systems control, deferment of gratifi cation,
personal values and expectancies, and social alienation. The study was a pretest post-test repeated measures design. Data were analysed using Levene’s test of homogeneity of variance and Friedman’s test to assess the impact of the training programme. The results showed that the locus of control-based training programme signifi cantly reduced locus of control-related health risks and HIV and AIDS risk among the participants.