Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine

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P-Value, a true test of statistical significance? a cautionary note

T Dahiru


While it’s not the intention of the founders of significance testing and hypothesis testing to have the two ideas intertwined as if they are complementary, the inconvenient marriage of the two practices into one coherent, convenient, incontrovertible and misinterpreted practice has dotted our standard statistics textbooks and medical journals. This paper examine factors contributing to this practice, traced the historical evolution of
the Fisherian and Neyman-Pearsonian schools of hypothesis testing, exposed the fallacies and the uncommon ground and common grounds approach to the problem. Finally, it offers recommendations on what is to be done to remedy the situation.
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