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African Journal of Aquatic Science

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Potential impacts of alien freshwater crayfish in South Africa

I de Moor

Abstract


The habitat preferences and life history characteristics of four alien species of freshwater crayfish (Cherax tenuimanus, C. destructor, C. quadricarinatus and Procambarus clarkii) are reviewed. The potential impact of these species on South African freshwater ecosystems is assessed and the desirability of allowing their importation evaluated. On the basis of principles espoused in the European Inland Fisheries Advisory Council's Code of Practice on Aquatic Introductions, it is recommended that importation permits should not be granted for any of these species.


Keywords: freshwater crayfish; marron,; redclaw; red swamp crayfish; yabby; Cherax tenuimanus; C. quadricarinatus; C. destructor; C. albidus; C. esculus; Procambarus clarkii, introductions; alien species; Code of Practice on Aquatic Introductions; South Africa


(Afr J Aqua Sci: 2002 27(2): 125-139)



http://dx.doi.org/10.2989/16085914.2002.9626584
AJOL African Journals Online