Phylogenetic relationships between some African Characidae, Distichodontidae and Hepsetidae: results of allozyme and mtDNA data analyses

  • F H van der Bank Department of Zoology, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524, Auckland Park 2006, South Africa
  • A Kotzé Department of Zoology, University of Johannesburg, PO Box 524, Auckland Park 2006, South Africa
  • T M Falk Zoologisches Institut und Zoologisches Museum, Universität Hamburg, Martin Luther King Pl. 3, 20146 Hamburg, Germany, and Dermatologikum Hamburg, Stephansplatz 5, 20354 Hamburg, Germany
Keywords: allozyme, Characidae, cytochrome-b, Distichodontidae, Hepsetidae, phylogenetic relationships

Abstract

The present study considers phylogenetic relationships of some southern, eastern and western African Characidae, Distichodontidae and Hepsetidae species, for which only limited genetic data with respect to their classification and phylogeny are currently available. Thirteen species representing three families and six genera were studied. Allozyme data indicated a basal position of the genus Hydrocynus within the Characidae, but failed to support the monophyly of the genus Brycinus. Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) sequence data of the cytochrome-b gene also showed weak support for the grouping of the latter genus. However, clear support was found for the monophyletic origin of the other genera studied and for the validity of all three characiform families present in Africa.

African Journal of Aquatic Science 2005, 30(1): 77–84
Published
2005-08-03
Section
Articles