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Life-history traits in two invasive species of tilapias in Morocco


H. Ainou
J. Panfili
A. Pariselle
M. Labonne
H. Louizi
A. Benhoussa
O. Berrada Rkhami
J.F. Agnèse

Abstract

Life-history traits (LHT) of Oreochromis niloticus in the Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah reservoir (BA reservoir) and Oreochromis aureus in the  Nador Channel were studied and compared with those of other populations in the world. Specimens were collected between June 2018  and June 2020. Females of both species were smaller at first sexual maturity than males (O. niloticus: 204 vs. 255 mm, O. aureus: 147 vs.  158 mm). The age of maturity for each species was estimated from seasonal otolith growth marks, based on the von Bertalanffy growth  function. The asymptotic length was higher in O. niloticus (males 296 mm and females 339 mm) than in O. aureus (males 171 mm and  females 169 mm). Based on a literature survey and the results of this study, the type of ecosystem (reservoir vs. river) influenced growth  performance indices (φ and φ′) in both species, with reservoirs leading to a higher asymptotic length in both O. niloticus and O. aureus  than rivers. Moroccan populations presented the lowest growth index in the populations assessed. These observations suggest that while  both invasive species were able to colonise and adapt to their new environments, this was at the expense of limiting their growth  and reducing their size at first sexual maturity. 

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eISSN: 1727-9364
print ISSN: 1608-5914