Total phenols, flavonoids, anthocyanins, ascorbic acid contents and antioxidant activity of Rhamnus kurdica Boiss for flower and leaves in flowering and pre-flowering stages

  • Mohammad Bagher Gholivand
  • Marzieh Piryaei


The antioxidant capability, total phenol, total flavonoid, anthocyanins, ascorbic acid contents, and reducing power contents of polar and non-polar extracts for flower and leaves in two stages of growth for Rhamnus kurdica Boiss in flowering were evaluated in this work. The polar extraction of flower of R. kurdica Boiss had a higher total phenolic content as well as antioxidant activity compared to that of the other subfractions of flower and leaves in the different stages. Antioxidant activities of the samples were determined by three various testing systems namely 2, 2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH),  b-carotene/linoleic acid and reducing power assay. In DPPH system, the highest radical scavenging activity was seen by the polar subfraction in flowers of methanol extract [21.04±1.35 (μg/ml)]. Our findings demonstrate that the methanolic extracts of R. kurdica Boiss may be suggested as a new potential source of natural antioxidant.

Keywords: Rhamnus kurdica Boiss, antioxidant, total phenolics, fla

African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol. 13(10), pp. 1131-1135, 5 March, 2014

Author Biographies

Mohammad Bagher Gholivand
Faculty of Chemistry, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran
Marzieh Piryaei
Faculty of Chemistry, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1684-5315