Cytomorphological studies of two mulberry varieties (Moraceae)

  • KH Venkatesh
  • S Shivaswamy
  • Munirajappa Munirajappa

Abstract

Two mulberry varieties, namely, S34 and Tr-10 were selected for cytomorphological studies. Stomatal frequency, somatic chromosome number, ploidy level and meiotic behaviour were studied for these varieties. S34 is diploid with 2n=28 and Tr-10 is triploid with 2n=42 chromosomes. Meiosis was irregular. Various anomalies like univalents, bivalents, trivalents laggards, loose association and unequal separation of chromosomes were observed in some pollen mother cells (PMCs) studied. Stomatal frequency was found to be lesser in triploid when compared to diploid variety.

Keywords: Mulberry (Morus spp.), stomatal frequency, diploid, triploid, mitosis, meiosis

African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol 13(22) 2203-2207

Author Biographies

KH Venkatesh
Department of studies in Sericulture, Bangalore University, Bangalore - 56006, India
S Shivaswamy
Department of Sericulture, Bharati Nagara, Mandya - 571422, Kamataka, India
Munirajappa Munirajappa
Department of studies in Sericulture, Bangalore University, Bangalore - 56006, India
Published
2015-07-29
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1684-5315