Optimization of mutanase production by Trichoderma harzianum
AbstractThe present paper describes optimization of fermentation conditions in shaken flasks and scale-up of fermentor production up to 115 L. The response surface methodology (RSM) has been successfully applied in standardization of mutanase production by Trichoderma harzianum CCM F-340. The model was very well fitted to the experimental data and explained more than 96% of the whole variation of the response (adjusted R2 = 0.962). In order to confirm the adequacy of the regression model based on the experimental data, validation cultures were grown in conditions created through optimization. The highest enzyme activity (0.747 U/mL) was reached in shaken flask cultures on Mandels’ medium in a volume of 140 mL modified in terms of carbon (cell wall preparation from the polypore fungus Laetiporus sulphureus 8.08 g/L) and nitrogen (soybean peptone 1.38 g/L) sources, under culture conditions 30°C, pH 5.3, agitation 270 rpm. The scale-up of the culture in the bioreactors with a working volume of 5 and 115 L resulted in a slight decrease in the mutanase activity (0.734 and 0.682 U/mL, respectively). The validation experiment showed a 70.6% increase in the production of mutanase compared with the culture before optimization. The results proved that the cultures could be scaled-up successfully from shaken flasks to the bioreactor scale. Our results indicate that in optimal conditions, T. harzianum could be a highly effective extracellular mutanase source. This report is the first to deal with optimization of mutanase biosynthesis using a mathematical model and scale-up of enzyme production in controlled fermentors with a view to facilitate application thereof in industry.
Keywords: Mutanase, Trichoderma harzianum, response surface methodology (RSM), bioreactors, submerged culture.
African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol 13(25) 2538-2546