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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Fatty Acid Profile and Bioactivity from Annona hypoglauca Seeds Oil

RC dos Santos, AAdM Filho, EA Chagas, JA Takahashi, VP Ferraz, AKP Costa, ACGR de Melo, IF Montero, PRE Ribeiro

Abstract


Plants from Annona (Annonaceae) genus are present in tropical regions, where they have economic and medicinal potential. Information on the fatty acids profile and bioactivity from seed oil of Annona species are incipient. The objective of this work was to investigate Annona hypoglauca seeds oil in terms of its yield, composition and biological activity (acetylcholinesterase enzyme inhibition, bactericidal and fungicidal activity). Fatty acids profiles were determined by Gas Chromatography equipped with Flame Ionization Detector. Oil yield reached about 15% and the major constituents detected were ω-9 oleic acid (42.65%) and ω-6 linoleic acid (29.63%). A. hypoglauca oil was potent for acetylcholinesterase inhibition (79.55%), and presented high and selective bioactivity against Candida albicans.

Keywords: Annona hypoglauca, ω-9 Oleic Acid, ω-6 Linoleic Acid, Acetylcholinesterase, Candida albicans




http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB2015.14714
AJOL African Journals Online