CO2 emissions from soil incubated with sugarcane straw and nitrogen fertilizer

  • RF de Almeida
  • CH Silveira
  • JER Mikhael
  • FO Franco
  • BT Ribeiro
  • A de Siqueira Ferreira
  • E de Sa Mendonca
  • B Wendling

Abstract

The decomposition/mineralization of organic material from crop residues constitutes an important nutrient reservoir for plants. This process produces CO2 and is influenced by biophysical and environmental conditions such as temperature, oxygen availability and the chemical composition of the crop residue. We studied the effect of temperature and nitrogen fertilization on CO2 emissions and the distinct contributions of C from sugarcane residue either left on the surface or incorporated into the red-yellow Oxisol. Incorporated sugarcane residue and N applications produce higher total organic carbon (TOC) mineralization rates when compared to application on the soil surface and without N. Nevertheless, there was no difference between TOC and C in the humin fraction (C-HU) 80 days after incubation. CO2 emissions peaked at 5.45, 10.82, 14.00, 11.92 and 11.20, 14.47, 15.98, and 14.74 µg mol of CO2 g-1 s-1 within the first four days of incubation for unincorporated and incorporated residues, respectively. After these first four days, emissions decreased until stabilizing at 40 days after incubation.

Keywords: Greenhouse gases, organic matter, urea.

African Journal of Biotechnology, Vol 13(31) 3376-3384

Author Biographies

RF de Almeida
Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho- UNESP, Jaboticabal, Brazil
CH Silveira
Universidade Federal de Uberlandia-UFU/Iciag, Uberlandia/MG, Brazil
JER Mikhael
Universidade Federal de Uberlandia-UFU/Iciag, Uberlandia/MG, Brazil
FO Franco
Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho- UNESP, Jaboticabal, Brazil
BT Ribeiro
Universidade Federal de Uberlandia-UFU/Iciag, Uberlandia/MG, Brazil
A de Siqueira Ferreira
Universidade Federal de Uberlandia-UFU/Iciag, Uberlandia/MG, Brazil
E de Sa Mendonca
Universidade Federal do Espirito Santo-UFES, Alegre/ES, Brazil
B Wendling
Universidade Federal de Uberlandia-UFU/Iciag, Uberlandia/MG, Brazil
Published
2015-09-12
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1684-5315