DNA-based population density estimation of black bear at northern Mexico: A preliminary study
AbstractThe analysis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) microsatellites from hair samples obtained by the non-invasive method of traps was used to estimate the population density of black bears (Ursus americanus eremicus) in a mountain located at the county of Lampazos, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. The genotyping of bears was performed by multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using an average of two hairs for each animal. Samples were obtained with barbed wire placed at the traps, which contained food as bait. Multiplex PCR was performed with the GenomiPhiTM, G.E. kit and genotyping with an automated DNA sequencing machine (ABI 310 System). Allelic frequency, heterozygosis and exclusion probability of seven DNA microsatellites were calculated and analyzed with computer programs to determine the population density. Three of the microsatellites had a heterozygosis higher than 0.7 and the population density was calculated in at least 1 bear/km2.
Keywords: Black bear, Ursus americanus, population size, DNA microsatellite, Mexico
African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(2), pp. 103-108