Pathogenicity of two seed-borne fungi commonly involved in maize seeds of eight districts of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan

  • Nazar Hussain
  • Altaf Hussain
  • Muhammad Ishtiaq
  • Shehzad Azam
  • Tanveer Hussain

Abstract

This study was aimed to evaluate the pathogenicity of two mostly prevailing fungal species on maize (Zea maize L.) from different localities of Azad Jammu and Kashmir (AJK), Pakistan. Pathogenic fungi deteriorate food grains by producing mycotoxins and aflotoxins during storage consequently shedding menace on its nutritive quality. There were 12 species of mycoflora associated with maize seeds in the analyzed samples. Fusaium and Aspergillus species were the largest group of seed-borne fungal species present in all localities (87.25% and 82.50%, respectively). Fusarium moniliforme causes ear rot, kernel rot, stalk rot, seedling blight, seed rot, wilt and stunt and Aspergillus niger is responsible for rot of stored grain. These species were tested to determine their pathogenicity to maize seed germination and seedlings. Pathogenicity findings depicted that maize variety under cultivation in the area was highly susceptible to these fungal pathogens as Bhimber (61.5%) and Mirpur (60.25%) zones had more prevalence than other areas of AJK (23.5%). Results show that Fusarium moniliforme had 50.2% pathogenicity on seeds and 6.55% on seedlings, whilst Aspergillus niger had 62.87% on seeds and 11.24% on seedlings. These depicts that mycoflora had significant detrimental impacts on seeds and seedling’s life of maize.

Keywords: Pathogenicity, seed-borne, mycoflora, maize, germination, Azad Kashmir

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(12), pp. 1363-1370

Author Biographies

Nazar Hussain
Department of botany, University of Azad Kashmir Muzaffarabad, AJK Pakistan
Altaf Hussain
Department of botany, Mirpur University of science and technology Bhimber Campus, Bhimber Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Muhammad Ishtiaq
Department of botany, Mirpur University of science and technology Bhimber Campus, Bhimber Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Shehzad Azam
Department of botany, Mirpur University of science and technology Bhimber Campus, Bhimber Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Tanveer Hussain
Department of botany, Mirpur University of science and technology Bhimber Campus, Bhimber Azad Kashmir, Pakistan
Published
2016-01-17
Section
Articles

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eISSN: 1684-5315