African Journal of Biotechnology

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Growth, flowering and fruiting in vitro pineapple (Ananas comosus L.) in greenhouse conditions

Farah Farahani


The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse, located in Tehran city, Iran. The objectives of this study was to evaluate the effects of fertilizer and acidic soil on the foliar and radicular growth of micropropagated plantlets of the pineapple cv. Merr (Ananas comosus L.). We evaluated the growth of that genotype in five different ages of acclimatizing: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 months in greenhouse. The hardening of plantlets increased length of shoot, leaf length and leaf number and slip production, accelerated flowering and fruit maturity, caused uniform flowering and fruit ripening, and had no effect on sucker development. When hardening plantlets were at least 60 to 70 cm tall and 10 to 12 months old, an inflorescence bud was observed to form in the center of the leaves. Flowers (light red in color) opened row by row over a period of about two weeks. When fruits were about six months old, about four months after flowering has occurred, these changes were observed. The color of the shell changed from green to rich gold. When the fruit was golden half way up, it could be picked and eaten. The color change of the shell occurred first at the bottom of the fruit and moved upwards. During this change, the fruit became sweeter and the color of the flesh changed from white to yellow.

Keywords: Pineapple, Ananas comosus L., flowering, fruiting, growth

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(15), pp. 1774-1781
AJOL African Journals Online