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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Sugar alcohols-induced oxidative metabolism in cotton callus culture

MK Daud, Shafaqat Ali, MT Variath, Jinhong Chen, Qiuling He, SJ Zhu

Abstract


Sugar alcohols (mannitol and sorbitol) may cause oxidative damage in plants if used in higher concentration. Our present experiment was undertaken to study physiological and metabolic responses in cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) callus against mannitol and sorbitol higher doses. Both markedly declined mean values of relative fresh weight growth rates with the increase in their concentration intensities. The overall protein and malonaldehyde (MDA) contents increased in the stressed-shocked cells. Also, the mean values of various antioxidants such as superoxide dismutase (SOD), peroxidase (POD), ascorbate peroxidase (APX) and calalase (CAT) quantitatively improved over their respective controls. As a whole, MDA contents were higher in magnitude than that of different antioxidant enzymes. Also values of relative increase in case of POD were higher as compared to SOD showing the ability of cotton callus culture to scavenge H2O2 produced as a result of the activity of SOD. Our results show that both agents caused greater damage to the membranous structure in comparison to less activation of the antioxidants. As a whole, the overall change regarding fresh weight growth rates was less after 14-day stress regime, while the mean values of the antioxidant enzymes activities were lower after the 28-day stress period. Such decrease conveys the message that less reactive oxygen species (ROS) might have been produced.

Keywords: Antioxidants, callus culture, Gossypium hirsutum L., osmotic stress, sugar alcohols

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(17), pp. 2191-2200



http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB12.2049
AJOL African Journals Online