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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Volatile metabolites profiling of a Chinese mangrove endophytic Pestalotiopsis sp. strain

Donghai Li, Shihong Yan, Peter Proksch, Zhenyi Liang, Qiang Li, Jing Xu

Abstract


Pestalotiopsis JCM2A4, an endophytic fungus originally isolated from leaves of the Chinese mangrove plant Rhizophora mucronata, produces a mixture of volatile metabolites. As determined by gas chromatography and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/GC-MS), 18 compounds representing all of the hexane extract were identified. Higher amounts of oil-based straight-chained alkyl (mono- and di-methyl) esters and fatty acids were found to compose major volatile chemotype which accounted for 78.65 and 14.52% of this organism, respectively. The main components was demonstrated to be pentadecanoic acid, 14-methyl-, methyl ester (35.92%); octadecanoic acid, methyl ester (13.10%); nonanedioic acid, dimethyl ester (11.21%); and n-hexadecanoic acid (10.54%). Two of these components were isolated and determined to be n-hexadecanoic acid and elaidic acid by 1H NMR and 1H-1H COSY spectroscopy. Antioxidant activity of the hexane extract and isolated compounds were screened using 2,2'-diphenyl-b-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) free radical scavenging method. This is the first report to describe the volatile metabolites of mangrove endophytic Pestalotiopsis sp. strain; its specific fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) profile can be used as a tool for microbial source tracking.

Keywords: Mangrove endophytic fungus, Pestalotiopsis sp., volatile metabolites, fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) profile

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(24), pp. 3802-3806



AJOL African Journals Online