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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Determination of some toxic gaseous emissions at Ama Industrial Complex, Enugu, south eastern Nigeria

Alfreda Ogochukwu Nwadinigwe

Abstract


A study of some gases emitted from three industries at Ama industrial complex, Nigeria, was carried out using Crowcon Gasman, single gas monitors. Results showed that HCN (0.94 ± 0.16 ppm) and CO (3.17 ± 0.89 ppm) emissions from Brewery were significantly (P < 0.05) higher than those of Bottling Company A (0.46 ± 0.12 and 0.65 ± 0.10 ppm, respectively). NH3, SO2 and NO2 emissions were the same. Cl2 emissions from Bottling Company A and Bottling Company B were the same, but each was significantly (P < 0.05) higher than that of Brewery. H2S emission from Bottling Company A (21.24 ± 0.97 ppm) was significantly (P < 0. 05) higher than that from Brewery (17.71 ± 0.94 ppm), which was significantly higher than that of Bottling Company B (12.57 ± 0.32 ppm). Apart from CO and NH3, the concentrations of other gaseous emissions exceeded the Nigerian and United States national ambient air quality standards. Therefore, it is recommended that these companies should determine appropriate control measures to reduce these toxic emissions.

Key words: Toxic gaseous emissions, type, concentrations, Ama Industrial Complex, Nigeria.




http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB2015.14909
AJOL African Journals Online