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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Upshot of the ripening time on biological activities, phenol content and fatty acid composition of Tunisian Opuntia ficus-indica fruit

Amel Rabhi, Hanen Falleh, Ferid Limam, Riadh Ksouri, Chedly Abdelly, Aly Raies

Abstract


Total phenol content and the antioxidant activities of three cultivars of Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) Mill. were evaluated. The results show that the ecotypes were significantly different according to their fatty acid composition, antioxidant and antibacterial activity, as well as their polyphenol profiles. Rossa fruit collected in August exhibited the higher phenolic content (15.48 mg GAE g−1 DW) with a stronger antioxidant activity. Bianca fruit collected in August exhibited a lower phenolic content (3.13 mg GAE g−1 DW) together with the stronger antiradical activity (96.14%). The advantage of this ecotype was more discernible as compared to positive controls butylated  hydroxytoluene (BHT, 79.75%). Likewise, CpG chromatogram identification revealed also an important difference between the ecotypes on oleic and linoleic acids.

Keywords: Opuntia ficus-indica, variability, phenol content, fatty acid, antioxidant activity.

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 12(40), pp. 5875-5885



http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB12.612
AJOL African Journals Online