Effects of fertilizer phosphorus and poultry droppings treatments on growth and nutrient components of pepper (Capsicum annuum L)
The effect of five phosphrous levels (0, 25, 50, 75, 100 and 125 kg/ha) and five poultry dropping (0, 100, 200, 300, 400 and 500 kg/ha) levels on the growth, growth yield, yield components, nutrients concentration and food values of pepper (Capsicum annuum L) were observed from 2002 to 2003 raining seasons. Phosphrous levels significantly increased pepper plant height, number of leaves per plant, number of branches per plant and leaf area up to 125 kg (p/ha) level. The phosphorus application also significantly increased early flowering, maturity and yield (ton/ha) of the treated plants. Application of organic waste, poultry dropping increased the growth yield and yield components of pepper significantly more than the fertilizer phosphrous. Since poultry dropping is cheap to obtain and enhances the pepper plant performance, it is recommended for use. C. annuun was found to contain both the major and minor nutrient elements which can supply the body with ingredients for growth.
Key words: Poultry droppings; caspicum species, nutrient contents, interaction absorption.