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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Genetic determinants of antifungal resistance in Candida species

Danielly Beraldo dos Santos Silva, Alexéia Barufatti Grisolia, Kelly Mari Pires de Oliveira

Abstract


In the previous decades, it has been an increase in cases of resistance to antifungal agents used in the prophylaxis and treatment of infections caused by Candida species. The emergence of resistance to drug classes, it is usually explained by genome alterations ranging from point mutations to gain or loss of whole chromosomes. Therefore, identify and understand into the molecular mechanisms that underlie resistance of the Candida spp. is important because this information can provide appropriate treatments in emergency candidemia cases. In this sense, this review have the aim of discuss about the genetic variations associated the antifungal resistance in Candida spp.

Keywords: Antifungal agents, candidiasis, molecular characterization, mutations, overexpression




http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB2016.15295
AJOL African Journals Online