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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Kinetic models and parameters estimation study of biomass and ethanol production from inulin by Pichia caribbica (KC977491)

Mounira Kara Ali, Serge Hiligsmann, Nawel Outili, Radia Cherfia, Noreddine Kacem Chaouche

Abstract


The growth kinetics and modeling of ethanol production from inulin by Pichia caribbica (KC977491) were studied in a batch system. Unstructured models were proposed using the logistic equation for growth, the Luedeking-Piret equation for ethanol production and modified Leudeking-Piret model for substrate consumption. Kinetic parameters (X0, μm, m, n, p and q) were determined by nonlinear regression, using Levenberg-Marquart method implemented in a Mathcad program. Since the production of ethanol was associated with P. caribbica cell growth, a good agreement between model predictions and experimental data was obtained. Indeed, significant R2 values of 0.91, 0.96, and 0.95 were observed for biomass, ethanol production and substrate consumption, respectively. Furthermore, analysis of variance (ANOVA) was also used to validate the proposed models. According to the obtained results, the predicted kinetic values and experimental data agreed well . Finally, it is possible to predict the development of P. caribbica using these models.


Key words: Pichia caribbica, inulin, bioethanol, numerical simulation.




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