African Journal of Biotechnology

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Studies on aerobic biodegradation activities of 2,4- dichlorophenoxyacetic acid by bacteria species isolated from petroleum polluted site

OE Igbinosa, OS Ajisebutu, IA Okoh


Bacteria species were screened and monitored for the efficiency of 2,4–dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) degradation from oil degrading laboratory stock with the view to getting the most efficient 2,4-D
degraders, to develop an active indigenous bacterial consortium for the bioremediation of 2, 4-D polluted systems in Nigeria. The 2,4-D was utilized as sole source of carbon attaining maximum cell densities of 107 cfu ml-1 from an initial 105 cfu ml-1 in 10 days. The amount of 2,4-D utilized in a batch culture by the isolates varied significantly from an initial inoculum densities of the order of 105 cfu ml-1 and increased with increasing concentrations of 2,4-D. Growth rates ranged from 0.154 h-1 to 0.180 h-1 for SERU2 and 0.158 h-1 to 0.183 h-1 for SERU 11. Dioxygenase specific activity [ìg ml-1 chloride
released/mg protein)-1 h-1] in actively growing cell cultures ranged from 0.010 – 0.055 (SERU 2) and 0.009-0.045 (SERU 11). The specific activity of the dioxygenase in the cell-free system ranged between 0.013 – 0.042 (SERU 2) and 0.011-0.046 (SERU 11). The pH optimum for the dioxygenase of the cell-free system was between 7.6 and 8.0 while the temperature optimum was 30oC. In conclusion the results showed that the two bacteria isolates have potential for 2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid degradation and their cell-free extracts could be used as biological alternatives in the bioremediation of 2,4-D
contaminated system.

AJOL African Journals Online