Antibacterial substance produced by Streptomyces sp. No. 87

  • K Charoensopharat
  • P Thummabenjapone
  • P Sirithorn
  • S Thammasirirak
Keywords: Antibacterial substance, characterization, purification, Streptomyces.

Abstract

An antimicrobial substance produced by Streptomyces sp. No. 87 was partially purified and studied for its antibacterial characteristics using the swab paper disc technique. The cell-free culture filtrate
showed antibacterial activity against several species of pathogens including Gram-positive bacteria, i.e. Bacillus cereus ATCC 11778, B. subtilis TISTR 008, B. megaterium, Staphylococcus aureus, S. aureus
ATCC 25923, and S. epidermidis and Gram-negative bacteria, i.e Klebsiella pneumoniae ATCC 27736, K. pneumoniae, Salmonella typhi ATCC 5784, Vibrio cholerae and Xanthomonas sp. 60% ammonium
sulfate precipitation of the culture supernatant shows markedly antibacterial activity against B. cereus ATCC 11778. Then supernatant was purified by gel filtration chromatography with sephadex G-25 resin.
Five peaks namely P1, P2, P3, P4 and P5 were obtained. Results indicate that P3 is the only peak possessing the antibacterial activity, therefore, the final purification of P3 was conducted using FPLC
with a superdex 30 column. Only one peak, namely P3-1 retained the antibacterial activity. P3-1 showed that its activity was insensitive to proteolytic enzymes such as trypsin, pepsin and proteinase K. In
addition, the activity of P3-1 could be observed temperatures of 50 -121oC and no protein or polypeptide band was seen when P3-1 was analyzed by SDS-PAGE. These results suggest that P3-1 might not be
proteinacious in nature.
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