African Journal of Biotechnology

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Yield and organoleptic characteristics of Suya (an intermediate moisture meat) prepared from three

AB Omojola


High cost of choice meat used in suya production makes the product an exclusive meat for the rich. In order to make suya (an intermediate moisture meat) available and affordable to the common man
thereby increasing their animal protein intake, this experiment therefore become imperative. Meat from the semimembranosus (SM), biceps femoris (BF) and psoas major (PM) muscles were used for the
study. The muscles were carefully excised and trimmed of all visible connective tissue. The meat was sliced into thin sheet of 0.15 – 0.30 cm thick and between 5 – 9 cm long. The experiment comprised of
three treatments in a completely randomized design. A total of 30 sticks of suya were prepared from each muscle-type. The percent cooking loss was highest (P < 0.05) in the PM (23.91 ± 0.38) as against the values of 20.70 ± 0.36 and 18.52 ± 0.38 obtained for SM and BF respectively. The water holding capacity (WHC) was highest in the SM followed by BF and PM with values of 79.99 ± 2.05, 71.11 ± 8.30 and 68.17 ± 1.72% respectively. BF gave the highest (P < 0.05) product yield (87.72 ± 2.51) while SM and PM gave values that were statistically similar (P > 0.05). SM gave the highest (P < 0.05) values for tenderness, juiciness and overall acceptability. Suya can be produced from other muscles than the traditional SM muscle without compromising quality.

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