Stigma variability in saffron (Crocus sativus L.)

  • SM Ghaffari
  • A Bagheri
Keywords: Chromosome count, Crocus sativus, saffron, stigma, triploid.

Abstract

The obstacle to improving Crocus sativus is its sterility caused by being triploid. Thus, the discovery of the new variant of saffron with increased number of stigmas was welcomed as a reason for improving
its yield. The study of development and the process of budding of the corm of saffron showed that these flowers occur by fusion of two or more flowering buds on one corm. Cytological and morphological studies showed that this characteristic is unstable and is not genetically controlled.
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eISSN: 1684-5315