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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Ozone autohaemotherapy protects against ketamine hydrochloride® induced liver and muscle damage in baboons

L Gibhard, M Meyer, HF Kotzé

Abstract


Ozone is currently under scrutiny because of various claims of beneficial effect in disease. In order to shed some light on this we assessed the acute and chronic effect of O3 autohaemotherapy (AHT) on liver and muscle damage in baboons. Five percent of the total blood volume of a baboon was treated with O2 and O3. Eleven baboons were acutely treated with an O2/O3 gas mixture containing 20, 40 and 80
ìg/ml ozone. Five were treated with pure O2 and three received no treatment to assess the effect of the ketamine hydrochloride anaesthesia. Blood samples were collected before treatment and after 4, 24 and 48 h. Anaesthesia increased aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and creatine kinase (CK) levels markedly. O3-AHT had a protective effect, since enzyme levels were lower. O2-AHT had no protective effect on liver and muscle damage. An O2/O3 gas mixture containing 40 ìg/ml O3 was used for chronic O3-AHT (n=6) treatment. The animals were treated at 0, 24 and 48 h. Blood was collected before treatment and again after 4, 24, 28, 48, 52, 72 and 96 h. ALT levels increased and remained elevated. AST levels increased during the four hours following each treatment and remained
elevated. CK levels increased markedly during the four hours following treatment, but decreased after treatment was stopped. The magnitude of changes was small and does not support the view that infusion of ozonated of blood is toxic.



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