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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Chemical composition of Opuntia ficus-indica (L.) fruit

N Salim, C Abdelwaheb, C Rabah, B Ahcene

Abstract


Chemical composition of pulp, skin and seeds of fruit of Opuntia ficus-indica was investigated. Results showed high amount of water in the pulp (84.14%) and skin (90.33%). Glucose and fructose (29 and
24%, respectively) in the pulp were greater than in the skin (14 and 2.29%, respectively), whereas saccharose was very low in the pulp (019%) than in the skin (2.25%). The seed does not contain any
trace of sugars. Potassium was very high in the three fractions of the fruit compared to other minerals. Prickly pear fruit is a remarkable fruit and its consumption is encouraged.



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