Screening of malting sorghum samples for lactic acid bacteria with potentials for antimicrobial activity
Keywords: Lactic acid bacteria, sorghum varieties, malting, bacteriocin, hydrogen peroxide
AbstractThree varieties of sorghum grains (SK 5912, KSV 400 and KSV 8) undergoing malting process were screened for lactic acid bacteria (LAB) with antimicrobial activity and characterized using standard
methods. Out of fifty-seven lactic acid bacteria isolates, eighteen isolates with antimicrobial producing potential were selected for further study. The isolates displayed significant (p < 0.05) inhibitory activity
against two indicator strains Escherichia coli ATCC 111755 and Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 12600. Eleven of these inhibitor-producing isolates secreted inhibitory compounds that were sensitive to
catalase while compounds from the other seven isolates continued to display inhibitory effect against the indicator strains after treatment with catalase. The proteinaceous nature and inactivation by
catalase of these inhibitory compounds from the seven bacteria identified them as bacteriocins. Based on standard biochemical and microbiological tests, the isolates were tentatively identified as belonging to Lactococcus spp., Leuconostoc spp., Lactobacillus spp. and Streptococcus spp. However, three isolates (GS3A, S6A and S10B) were tentatively identified as Lactobacillus reuteri, Lactobacillus
fermentum and Lactobacillus acidophilus, respectively. LAB isolated from three varieties of sorghum grains undergoing malting exhibited the ability to produce bacteriocin and hydrogen peroxide.
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