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African Journal of Biotechnology

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Polistes olivaceous decreases biotic surface colonization

WTY Loo, LJ Jin, MNB Cheung, Y Dou, JP Chen

Abstract


The objective of this investigation was to evaluate the anti-bacterial efficacy of the honeycomb of Polistes olivaceous on oral biotic surface (biofilm) model by means of pH response, population of oral
bacteria and enamel mineralization. Three copies of a three-organism-bacterial consortium was grown on hydroxyapatite (HA) surfaces in a continuous culture system and exposed to repeated solution pulses of sucrose solution every 12 h to construct a cariogenic biofilm on the HA discs in the flow cells. One flow cell was only pulsed with 500 mol/ml of sucrose (S group). The second flow cell was pulsed with 500 mol/ml sucrose and 2.5 mg/ml P. olivaceous extract (P group). The third flow cell was pulsed with 500 mol/ml sucrose, 230 mg/L sodium fluoride and 0.2% chlorohexidine digluconate (C group). During the course of carbohydrate supplement, the pH of the S group dropped sharply compared with the others. The P group demonstrated pH recovery to baseline more easily than the S group (p < 0.05). The C group demonstrated very little pH drop. The P group displayed a lower level of colonization than the S group, which was reflected by a lower cariogenic bacterial count and a less compact biofilm especially after the third pulse. P. olivaceous suppresses bacteria growth and accelerates pH recovery.
P. olivaceous may have stabilizing effect against cariogenic shift on the oral biofilm, preventing tooth decay.



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