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African Journal of Biotechnology

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A review of the biochemical, biotechnological and other applications of enzymes

KO Soetan, OO Aiyelaagbe, CO Olaiya

Abstract


Enzymes are proteins evolved by the cells of living organisms. Their specific function is to catalyse chemical reactions. Enzymes increase the rate at which reactions approach equilibrium. Enzymes have found wide and diverse applications in different disciplines and fields of human endeavours. Enzymes
play critical role in the metabolic activities of all living organisms, whether humans, animals, plants or microorganisms and are widely applied in agriculture, biochemistry, biotechnology, chemistry, genetics, industries, human and veterinary medicine, pharmacy, research, etc. The different
applications of enzymes abound in the literature. The aim of this review is to discuss the diverse applications of enzymes for the purpose of teaching, education and research.



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