Evaluation of Oryza sativa x O. glaberrima derived progenies for resistance to rootknot nematode and identification of introgressed alien chromosome segments using SSR markers
The genus Oryza has two cultivated species, Asian rice (Oryza sativa L.) and African rice (Oryza glaberrima Steud.) and 22 wild species. O. glaberrima is low yielding but has useful genes for resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Introgression lines derived from backcrossing of O. sativa x O. glaberrima, using O. sativa as recurrent parent, were evaluated for tolerance to root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne graminicola). Testing in sick plots infested with nematodes showed reduction in plant height, shoot and root biomass and leaf area index compared to the control. Based on gall rating and the ratio of the final population to the initial population of nematodes (Pf/Pi ratio), three introgression lines were found to be resistant to nematodes (IR80311-9-B-B-1-2 and IR80311-2-B-B-1-2 under screenhouse and IR80311-48-BB- 1 under phytotron conditions). Gall rating and the Pf/Pi ratio showed positive correlation (r = 0.61). Analysis of 122 introgression lines using simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers detected introgression of O. glaberrima segments into O. sativa.