Opportunities in utilization of agricultural residues in bio-composite production: Corn stalk (Zea mays indurata Sturt) and oak wood (Quercus Robur L.) fiber in medium density fiberboard
In this paper, corn stalk as an agricultural residue was mixed with oak wood fiber to produce medium density fiberboards (MDF). Urea formaldehyde resin was used as binder. Hygroscopic and mechanical properties were evaluated according to the commercial standards in MDF production. Partial substitution of wood fiber with corn stalks fiber negatively affected all board properties. However, the mechanical properties fulfill the minimum requirements of the relevant standards such as TS-EN 310, 1999 and TS-EN 319, 1999. In some cases, they exceeded the standards, even with partial blending of corn stalk fibers.
Key words: Corn stalks, Quercus robur, medium density fiberboard, physical and mechanical properties.