Change in amino acids content during germination and seedling growth of Cola sp.

  • Pierre Effa Onomo
  • Nicolas Niemenak
  • Denis Omokolo Ndoumou
  • Reinhard Lieberei

Abstract

Accessions of Cola acuminata and Cola anomala were analysed based on the variation of free amino acids during germination and seedling growth. These compounds were determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) methods. In the non-germinated seeds of C. acuminata, arginine (Arg) was the major amino acid found in all six accessions and valine (Val) was the least present, while in C. anomala, gamma ()-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was predominant and isoleucine (Ile) was less abundant. During germination, the seeds of the two species accumulated large amount of GABA and very little tryptophan. Principal component and cluster analyses of Cola sp. categorized the accessions into two groups distinguishing the two Cola species. The differences between the groups were related not only to the absence/presence of histidine (His) and phenylalanine (Phe), but also to amide amino acids asparagine (Asn), glutamine (Gln) and Arg contents. In Cola sp., free amino acids varied significantly during these two processes indicating their high utilization. These metabolites can be considered as crucial in the control of germination.

Keywords: Cola sp., amino acids, germination, seedling growth

African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 9(35), pp. 5632-5642, 30 August, 2010

Author Biographies

Pierre Effa Onomo
Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Yaounde I, P.O Box 812, Yaounde, Cameroon
Nicolas Niemenak
Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Department of Biological Sciences, Higher Teachers' Training College, University of Yaounde I, PO Box 47, Yaounde, Cameroon
Denis Omokolo Ndoumou
Laboratory of Plant Physiology, Department of Biological Sciences, Higher Teachers' Training College, University of Yaounde I, PO Box 47, Yaounde, Cameroon
Reinhard Lieberei
Biozentrum KleinFlottbek, Abteilung Nutzpflanzenbiologie, University of Hamburg, Ohnhorststrasse 18, 22609 Hamburg, Germany
Published
2013-08-18
Section
Articles

Journal Identifiers


eISSN: 1684-5315