Knowledge, attitudes and practices of a semi-urban population on epilepsy: Case of Djougou in Benin in 2019.

  • Mendinatou Agbetou
  • Honoré Kabibahou
  • Arlos Sowanou
  • Oyéné Kossi
  • Corine Houehanou
  • Thierry Armel Adoukonou
Keywords: attitude, Benin, epilepsy, knowledge, practice.


Epilepsy remains in certain African populations a disease with myths and discriminatory socio-cultural interpretations.
To assess the level of knowledge, attitude and practice of the population about epilepsy in a semi-urban setting (Djougou) in Benin in 2019.
Descriptive analytical cross-sectional study with data collection from August 28 to September 29, 2019 in a faceto-face interview, which included subjects aged 15 years and older, residing in Djougou for at least 6 months, who gave their free and informed consent. The sampling was probability based with a two-stage cluster survey. The level of knowledge and attitude-practice was defined by two respective scores with two levels of appreciation (bad or good). Associated factors were determined after logistic regression.
180 subjects were interviewed, of whom 111 were men (sex ratio 1.6). The median age was 26 years [16-85 years]. The level of knowledge was good in 6.11%; CI95% [3.09% – 10.67%]. 43.33% had good attitude and practice about epilepsy, CI95% [35.98% – 50.91]. Factors associated with good knowledge were age (p=0.03), occupation (p=0.009), religion (p=0.01), source of information (p=0.000). Good attitude and practice was associated with sex (RP = 1.42; IC95% 1.0 – 2.04), socioeconomic level (p=0.01), good knowledge of epilepsy (p=0.02).
In Djougou, the population had a poor level of knowledge and attitude-practice about epilepsy. Targeted education and awareness campaigns are essential to bring epilepsy out of the shadows.


Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1015-8618
print ISSN: 1992-2647