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African Journal of Reproductive Health

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Dating Violence and Self-Efficacy for Delayed Sex among Adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa

IM Boafo, EA Dagbanu, KO Asante

Abstract


In South Africa, dating violence is known to be widespread among  adolescents, and is therefore a major public health issue because of its association with sexual risk behaviours. The objective of the study was to examine the relationship between dating violence and self-efficacy for  delayed sex among school-going adolescents in Cape Town, South Africa. The study is based on analyses of data from a school-based health  education programme targeting sexual and reproductive health issues.The study involved 3,655 school-going adolescents aged between 12 and 17 in Cape Town, South Africa. The data was collected by means of a  self-administered questionnaire composed of 153 items on sexual and reproductive health, dating violence as well as socio-demographic  characteristics. The results indicated that males showed a higher  percentage of both dating violence victimization and perpetration, as  compared to females. It was also found that adolescents from lower socio-economic backgrounds were more likely to be the victims of dating violence as compared to those from a higher socio-economic background. Female learners showed higher levels of self-efficacy for delayed sex than their male counterparts. Although the result revealed that there was a significant association between self-efficacy for delayed sex and socio-economic  status, this link decreased with age. It is concluded that educational  programmes aimed solely at improving self-efficacy for delayed sex is insufficient. Such programmes must also aim at preventing dating violence  and equipping adolescents with the skills to negotiate their way out of dating violence. Afr J Reprod Health 2014; 18[2]: 46-57).

Keywords
: STI, HIV, Sexual Risk Behavior, Sexual Debut, Coerced Sex



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