Context-specific factors and contraceptive use: a mixed method study among women, men and health providers in a rural Ghanaian district
Suitable options for improving women‘s access to effective, safe and context-specific contraceptive methods must be explored to curtail rising unmet needs for contraceptive use in rural Ghana. The study aimed to outline context-specific factors associated with contraceptive use, access on demand and future use intentions among women in one district of Ghana. Using mixed method approach, quantitative data (n=720) was collected among women aged 18-28. Focus group discussions and in-depth interviews were also conducted among women (n=30) aged 18-49 and men (n=10) respectively. IDIs were conducted among 3 midwives. Women who received focused counseling on contraceptive use were twice likely to have ever used (OR=2 95% CI 1.163-3.467) or be current users (OR=2, 95% CI 1.146-4.010) of contraceptives. Male partner support can drive cultural sensitivities towards accepting use of contraception (OR=34.5, CI% 19.01-64.22). Covert use is still preferred by most in the study. Services delivered on good provider-relational grounds and convenient clinic hours encourage contraceptive use among women. Male targeting for improving contraceptive service use must first identify context-specific preferences of the woman, since covert use is highly valued. Ascertaining the prevalence of covert use and how community systems can address this for improved contraceptive uptake is further recommended.
Keywords: context-specific factors, contraceptive use, access on demand, future contraceptive use, rural Ghana