Impact of an Antenatal Counseling on Use of Modern Family Planning Methods in the Postpartum in Rural Guinea
In Guinea, family planning (FP) uptake remains low. The objective of this study was to compare the impact of two types of antenatal counseling on modern FP uptake in the postpartum in rural Guinea. This was a two-group non-equivalent study comparing the impact of a reinforced antenatal counseling (intervention) to the routine antenatal counseling (control). The study included 404 pregnant women at five rural health centres in Forécariah district, Western Guinea. Each woman was followed up until the ninth month postpartum. The study was conducted from October 12, 2013 to December 30, 2014. Findings showed that at the ninth month postpartum, use of modern FP was significantly higher in the intervention group than in the control group (5.7% and 1.1%, respectively; p=0.024). However, 67.6% and 65.7% of women in the intervention group and the control group, respectively, abstained from sexual intercourse at the sixth month postpartum and had the intention to do so until the child walks. At the ninth month postpartum such women represented 70.5% and 59.5%, respectively. Therefore, a longer study period is recommended to assess the effect of antenatal counseling on use of modern FP in the postpartum in Guinea.
Keywords: Antenatal counseling; Family planning; Postpartum; Rural; Guinea