Evaluation of Criteria-Based Clinical Audit in Improving Quality of Obstetric Care in a Developing Country Hospital
AbstractStudy evaluated criteria–based clinical audit in measuring and improving quality of obstetric care for five life-threatening obstetric complications: obstetric haemorrhage, eclampsia, genital tract infections, obstructed labor and uterine rupture. Clinical management of 65 patients was audited using a ‘before (Phase I) and after (Phase II)’ audit cycle design using standard criteria. Following Phase I, areas in
need of improvement were identified; mechanisms for improving quality of care were identified and implemented. Overall care of the complications improved significantly in obstetric haemorrhage (61 to
81%, p = 0.000), eclampsia (54.3 to 90%, p=0.00), obstructed labour (81.7 to 93.5%, p<0.001) and genital tract sepsis (66 to 85.2%, p < 0.01). Clinical monitoring, drug use, and urgent attention by senior
medial staff also improved significantly after intervention. Criteria-based clinical audit is feasible and acceptable for improving management of life-threatening obstetric complications. Its application is recommended in health institutions in developing countries (Afr J Reprod Health 2008; 12:59-70).
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