Main Article Content

Estimating the Number of Male Sex Workers with the Capture- Re-capture Technique in Nigeria

SB Adebajo
GI Eluwa
JU Tocco
BA Ahonsi
LY Abiodun
OA Anene
DO Akpona
AS Karlyn
S Kellerman


Estimating the size of populations most affected by HIV such as men who have sex with men (MSM) though crucial for structuring responses to the epidemic presents significant challenges, especially in a developing  society. Using capture-recapture methodology, the size of MSM-SW in  Nigeria was estimated in three major cities (Lagos, Kano and Port Harcourt) between July and December 2009. Following interviews with key informants, locations and times when MSM-SW were available to male clients were  mapped and designated as “hotspots”. Counts were conducted on two  consecutive weekends. Population estimates were computed using a  standardized Lincoln formula. Fifty-six hotspots were identified in Kano, 38 in Lagos and 42 in Port Harcourt. On a given weekend night, Port Harcourt had the largest estimated population of MSM sex workers, 723 (95%CI:  594-892) followed by Lagos state with 620 (95%CI: 517-724) and Kano  state with 353 (95%CI: 332-373). This study documents a large  population of MSM-SW in 3 Nigerian cities where higher HIV prevalence  among MSM compared to the general population has been documented. Research and programming are needed to better understand and address the health vulnerabilities that MSM-SW and their clients face. Afr J Reprod Health 2013 (Special Edition); 17[4]: 83-89).

Keywords: Male sex worker, Capture-recapture, size estimation,   population estimates, Men who have sex with men, Nigeria, Lagos, Kano, Port Harcourt.

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1118-4841