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Caesarean section – desired rate versus actual need

Smriti Agnihotri
Okezie I. Aruoma
Arun K. Agnihotri


According to the World Health Organization, governments have expressed interest in the rise in the numbers of caesarean section births and the potential negative consequences for maternal and infant health. If conducted when medically justified, a caesarean section can effectively prevent maternal and perinatal mortality and morbidity. However, there is no evidence showing the benefits of caesarean delivery for women or infants who do not require the procedure. As with any surgical intervention, caesarean sections are associated with short and long-term risk, which can extend many years beyond the current delivery and affect the health of the woman, her child, and future pregnancies. These risks are higher in women with limited access to comprehensive obstetric care. Unequivocally, the potential risks are higher in women with limited access to comprehensive obstetric care, hence the global health concern.

Keywords: Caesarean section; Infant morbidity and mortality; Maternal morbidity and mortality; Global trends

Journal Identifiers

eISSN: 1694-2078
print ISSN: 1694-2086