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Annals of Pediatric Surgery

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Laparoscopic Hernia Repair in Infancy and Childhood; Evaluation of Two Different Techniques

R Shalaby, AG Essa, AA Yehya, R Ibrahem, E Hassan, AE Shams, S Gouda

Abstract


Background/Purpose: There are many techniques available for laparoscopic hernia repair in infancy and childhood. The objective of this study is to compare two different laparoscopic techniques as regards operative time, recurrence rate, hydrocele formation and post operative cosmetic results.
Materials & Methods: A prospective randomized controlled study was carried out in the Pediatric Surgery Unit of Al-
Azhar University Hospitals, over three years period. ne-hundred and fifty patients with congenital inguinal hernia were randomized into two equals groups; (n = 75). Group A was subjected to purse-string suture around the internal inguinal
ring (IIR) using two needle holders (TNH). Group B was subjected to laparoscopic hernia repair of inguinal hernia by
Reverdin Needle (RN). Inclusion criteria included; bilateral inguinal hernia, recurrent hernia, hernia in obese child, incarcerated hernia and hernia on ipsilateral with questionable contralateral side. Exclusion criteria included; unilateral inguinal hernia, and hernia with undescended testicles. The main outcome measurements were; operative time, hospital stay,
postoperative hydrocele formation, recurrence rate, and cosmetic results.
Results: There were no significant differences as regard age, sex and mode of presentation between both groups. All cases
were completed successfully without conversion. There were significant statistical differences in the operative time between
the studied groups, while there were no significant statistical differences in the hospital stay, post operative hydrocele formation and recurrence rate. The cosmetic result is excellent in group B.
Conclusion: Laparoscopic hernia repair by RN is an effective line of hernia repair in infancy and childhood. It resulted in marked reduction of operative time and excellent cosmetic results with low recurrence.

Index Word: Laparoscopic, Reverdin Needle, Purse-string, Intracorporeal sutures.



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