Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia

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Correlation between caffeine contents of green coffee beans and altitudes of the coffee plants grown in southwest Ethiopia

M. Hagos, M. Redi-Abshiro, B. S. Chandravanshi, E. Ele, A. M. Mohammed, H. Mamo


Caffeine contents of 45 green coffee bean samples collected from coffee plants grown at different altitudes in Southwest Ethiopia was determined by UV-Vis spectrophotometry. The caffeine contents were found in the range of 0.62 - 1.2% (w/w). A moderate negative correlation (R = 0.5463) was found between the caffeine contents of green coffee beans and the altitudes at which the coffee plants were grown. The caffeine contents of 9 of the green coffee bean samples analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) provided comparable results in the range of 0.60−1.1% (w/w). Statistical analysis of data (t-test) indicated absence of significant differences between the caffeine contents obtained by the two methods. Nonetheless, HPLC method is precise, accurate and reliable in determining caffeine content in green coffee bean samples while the UV-Vis spectrophotometry is simple, rapid, precise and more economical.


KEY WORDS: Green coffee beans, Caffeine, Correlation between caffeine content and altitude of coffee plant, UV-Vis spectrophotometry, High performance liquid chromatography, Ethiopia


Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2018, 32(1), 13-25

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