Optimum prediction for inhibition efficiency of Sapium ellipticum leaf extract as corrosion inhibitor of aluminum alloy (AA3003) in hydrochloric acid solution using electrochemical impedance spectroscopy and response surface methodology
Statistical optimization was used to optimize corrosion inhibition efficiency of Sapium ellipticum leaf extract as corrosion inhibitor of aluminum in acid medium. Response surface methodology was applied, and the effects of four independent variables; acid concentration, inhibitor concentration, temperature, time, and their expected responses were determined. Central composite design a statistical tool was used to generate a total of 16 individual experimental runs, which was previously design to study the effects of these variables during corrosion process. The uniqueness of the model was scrutinized with various criteria including coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.987), p value (< 0.0001), adequate precision (30.22) and coefficient of variation (5.30). The RSM is well fitted in the model which adequately predicted the optimum inhibition efficiency of 96.73% at optimum inhibitor concentration of 1.5g/L-1, acid concentration 1 M, temperature of 303 K and time of 6 hours. Also the electrochemical concept signifies that Sapium ellipticum acts as a mixed-kind inhibitor. The experimental data obtained is in conformity with other research works.
Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2020, 34(1), 175-191.