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Bulletin of the Chemical Society of Ethiopia

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APPLICATION OF ASCORBIC ACID 2-PHOSPHATE AS A NEW VOLTAMMETRIC SUBSTRATE FOR ALKALINE PHOSPHATASE DETERMINATION IN HUMAN SERUM

Wei Sun*, Kui Jiao

Abstract


An electrochemical assay of the enzyme alkaline phosphatase (ALP) using ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (AAP) as a new voltammetric substrate has been described in this paper. In the alkaline buffer solution the ALP enzymatic hydrolysis product of AAP was ascorbic acid (AA), which was an electro-active substance and had a sensitive differential pulse voltammetric (DPV) oxidative response on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) at +380 mV (versus Ag/AgCl), so the activity of ALP could be monitored voltammetrically of the oxidative peak current of AA. The electrochemical behaviours of AA were carefully studied and the AA standard solution could be measured by DPV method in the linear range from 10.0 to 1000.0 μmol/L with the detection limit of 8.0 μmol/L. The optimal conditions for ALP enzymatic reaction and the voltammetric detection were optimized. Under the optimal conditions the calibration curve for ALP assay exhibited a linear range from 0.4 to 2000.0 U/L with a detection limit of 0.3 U/L. This proposed method was further applied to determine the ALP content in healthy human serum and the results were in good agreement with the traditional p-nitrophenyl phosphate spectrophotometric method. The kinetic constants of enzymatic reaction were also investigated with the apparent kinetic constant Km as 2.77 mmol/L and the maximum velocity Vmax as 0.33 mol/min.

KEY WORDS: Ascorbic acid 2-phosphate, Alkaline phosphatase, voltammetry, ascorbic acid, enzymatic assay


Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2005, 19(2), 163-173



http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/bcse.v19i2.21122
AJOL African Journals Online