Zeolite A/ZnCl2 nanoparticles as a catalyst for eco-friendly synthesis of pyrazole-1- carbothioamides with docking validation as Covid-19 main protease (MPRO) inhibitor
ABSTRACT. The synthesized Zeolite A/ZnCl2 nanoparticles via the hydrothermal route were characterized using FTIR, XRD, and SEM/EDAX techniques. The characterized catalyst was used for the eco-friendly synthesis of 4,5-dihydro-pyrazole-1-carbothioamide derivatives. Under solvent-free conditions, a multi-component reaction between hydrazine, isothiocyanate, and chalcone was done with a prepared nano-catalyst as an inexpensive, recyclable, easy-to-get, and nontoxic catalyst. The molecular docking study explained that dihydro-1-carbothioamide pyrazoles can be considered COVID-19 main protease (Mpro) inhibitors. In order to investigate the 3D conformation of the compounds that were synthesized, the density functional theory (DFT) was applied with a B3LYP hybrid functional and a 6-311++ G(d,p) basis set. This allowed us to investigate the compounds' electronic and charge transfer properties. In this series of compounds, the derivative 30d showed the lowest HOMO–LUMO energy gap.
KEY WORDS: Zeolite A/ZnCl2 nanoparticles, Pyrazole-1-carbothioamides, Docking, XRD, SEM/EDX, HRTEM
Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop. 2023, 37(2), 391-404.